ARPANET Turns 30

The ARPANET (Advanced Research Project Agency NETwork) turns thirty this week. The original network that was used to pioneer many of the techniques and protocols we take for granted on the Internet, ARPANET was used to connect universities and research centers.

How many nodes does it take to have a network? Just two. And what were the first two nodes on the network that today enfolds the world? UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute.

The project leader, Dr. J.C.R. Licklider, was fully aware of the potential for the ARPANET. He nicknamed the group of specialists he had put together the "Intergalactic Network!"

Science fiction fans tend to think of two different works that presaged today's planetary network. The first was Vernor Vinge's portal, from his 1981 story True Names. The second (and the most famous) is of course cyberspace, from William Gibson's 1984 novel Neuromancer.

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