REstoring SURvivability by REConstructing Trauma (RESURRECT) is a potential new DARPA program intended to "create high-fidelity computer simulations of in-theatre events for tactical, operational and strategic review." In other words, they're looking for a Kobiashi Maru-style simulation.
For the unimaginably small number of Technovelgy readers who don't know, the Kobiashi Maru was a test given at Starfleet Academy. It was first presented in the 1982 movie Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. It tested how potential officers would confront the "no win scenario."
DARPA guys - take a look at the following video:
(Kobiashi Maru test from Starfleet Academy video)
According to the RESURRECT program notes, this is pretty close to what they want:
...investigators will need to merge data collected from a variety of existing or novel sensors with anecdotal descriptions of events, medical records, autopsy findings and imagery, and other sources, and create descriptive and predictive algorithms that can be implemented in an existing simulation software package. Innovative, revolutionary, multi-disciplinary research led by a strong systems integrator is strongly encouraged.
DARPA might also want to consider the wartime personality simulator described by Frank Herbert in his 1977 novel The Dosadi Experiment. It showed how military simulation might be done with a room full of military commanders and staff.