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"Generally, the human race avoids doing anything radical until forced into it."
- Frederik Pohl

Igloo-Shaped Space Shelter  
  Easy to set up on airless asteroids.  

I think this is the earliest expression of this excellent idea.

By the time they returned to the little polar cup, the shelters were pitched - igloo shapes of woven metal, lined with lead foil and self-sealing plastic, fastened down with cables welded to the living iron, and inflated with oxyhelium. Small cylindrical airlocks gave entrance. Standing at the end of a short taut cable, above the crown of each shelter was a small peegee [paragravity] unit. Set to negative polarity, these provided a comfortable pressure against the floor, and some protection against meteor drift...
From Collision Orbit, by Jack Williamson.
Published by Astounding in 1941
Additional resources -

Here's another detail:

...she kept getting up, against her will, to peer out through the tiny lead-glass peepholes in the thick, inflated fabric.

Compare to the plastic igloo from Love Among The Robots (1946) by Emmett McDowell, the Igloo Inflatable Moon Habitat from A Fall of Moondust (1961) by Arthur C. Clarke and the airtight tent from Raymond Z. Gallun's 1951 novella Asteroid of Fear.

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Additional resources:
  More Ideas and Technology from Collision Orbit
  More Ideas and Technology by Jack Williamson
  Tech news articles related to Collision Orbit
  Tech news articles related to works by Jack Williamson

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