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"The whole problem of energy sources is going to be solved by little solutions, not by some big new piece of technology that does everything. We got into this crisis by believing that we had one big piece of technology that would do everything (oil)."
- Gregory Benford

  Artificial skin sprayed directly on the body.  

The term is probably a contraction of artificial derma.

Over her lacerated right shoulder he sprayed art-derm; it sealed off the open wound, halted bleeding, and prohibited infection. The most serious damage was to her windpipe. He turned the little art-derm nozzle on an exposed section of rib, wondering what the shupos had that worked so well. It had carved her open expertly, whatever it was.
From Dr. Futurity, by Philip K. Dick.
Published by Ace Books in 1960
Additional resources -

One of the earlier uses of this idea was created several years ago; Dr. Fiona Wood and scientist Marie Stoner of Perth, Australia. In response to trying to treat a patient with burns over 90% of her body, the pair created a procedure to spray skin cells directly onto the body.

The Armed Forces Institute for Regenerative Medicine has been working on a skin cell gun to spray healing stem cells onto an open wound.

(Skin cell gun)

The skin cell gun was announced by Dr. Gerlach in 2008 it sprays cells onto burned areas in a fine mist which expedites healing and reduces scaring is shown below with a photograph of Dr. Gerlach holding the device.

(Dr. Gerlach holds skin cell gun)

SF fans probably also recall the artificial skin gun demonstrated in the 2004 movie I, Robot (although it's not clear if this gun sprayed paint or living tissue).

(Skin cell gun from I, Robot)

Also, see an earlier reference to this idea from Robert Heinlein's 1951 novel The Puppet Masters - surrogate skin.

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Additional resources:
  More Ideas and Technology from Dr. Futurity
  More Ideas and Technology by Philip K. Dick
  Tech news articles related to Dr. Futurity
  Tech news articles related to works by Philip K. Dick

Art-Derm-related news articles:
  - Spray-On Skin For Burns From ReCell Kit
  - Spray-On Skin With Skin Cell Spray-Transplantation
  - Stem Cell Spray For Burn Healing
  - Skin Cell Gun Video
  - Spray-On Polymer Mats Heal Wounds Fast
  - PrintAlive Bioprinter 3D Printed Skin Grafts Video
  - Skingun Now More Advanced, Apparently
  - 3D Skin Printer Helps Burn Victims
  - 3D Printed Bionic Chinese Skin

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Ultrathin Brain Needle Developed At MIT
NASA's 'Armstrong' Soft Wearable Upper Extremity Garment
iFlytek Doctor Robot First To Pass Medical Exams
Watch What People Are Seeing Via Brain Scanning

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